Dr. A Q Khan
Mohsin e Pakistan

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Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
By Dr A Q Khan

In my column of Jan 28 I had written about Hazrat Umar (RA) who had informed his own son of the severe reprimand he got from Allah for the defective bridge built in Baghdad during his rule in which a goat had broken its leg. Hazrat Umar (RA) is reported to have said that even if a dog died of hunger on the bank of the Dajla (Tigris), he would be taken to task for it.

Contrast this to the situation nowadays. People are without food, water and electricity hardly a kilometre from the palaces of the rulers. Lavish lifestyles and foreign tours cost the exchequer millions of rupees, with the rulers totally ignoring the literally starving masses in the country.

Our Islamic history has many golden chapters of good governance and justice. It is all there as an example for us to act accordingly. We know that the USA has many Nobel laureates in economics, but that has not stopped the country from being almost bankrupt and asking other countries to bail it out. Were it not for its natural resources, the United States would have been totally bankrupt by now and perhaps disintegrated into individual states.
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Archive for the ‘English Articles’ Category

Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
By Dr A Q Khan

Justice (insaaf) is the definition of honest, correct decisions on quarrels, any difference between two parties or a breach of law. The final dispenser of justice, or adl, is Allah Almighty. He is the Real Munsif and His justice will culminate on the Day of Judgement. However, bickering humanity needs it now and complains about its delay.

That justice is a divine inspiration is evident and its violation is a serious crime inviting Allah’s chastisement. Problems involving quarrels and differences for which justice is sought have always been there and all civilisations have evolved methods of settling disputes. In the olden days on the subcontinent, a few respected elders were chosen to mediate. They were known as “Panj” or “Parmeshva” because everyone believed in their honesty and neutrality. Their decision was neutral and binding on both parties. If either party refused to accept the decision, they were boycotted by the community. The famous writer Munshi Prem Chand wrote a story 75 years ago entitled “Panj Parmeshwar.” In it he described them as divine souls, and the story became very popular.
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Archive for the ‘English Articles’ Category

Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
By Dr A Q Khan

In nature one finds many species that devour their own kind. Take, for example, cobras. Most of us have seen TV programmes showing a ten- or twelve-foot-long king cobra catching a six- or seven-foot long snake, manoeuvring it head-first into its mouth and then slowly swallowing it. Male lions and tigers often eat the young of other lions when they have taken over the pride to ensure the birth of their own offspring. Male domestic cats are not so fastidious, either – some will eat any young they come upon. Let us now turn to human behaviour.

Poet Nawab Mirza Khan Dagh, the teacher/guide of Allama Iqbal, had a unique way of expressing things in simple, effective words and sayings. The following verse by Dagh Dehlavi inspired the title of this column:

Dekhna, Dagh, unki mehfil men
Ek ko ek khaey leytey hain.
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Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
by Dr A Q Khan

Roti, kapra and makaan is the slogan of one of our major political parties. It played a big role in their majority win in the 1970 elections in West Pakistan. We, as a naïve nation, swallow all kinds of hollow slogans and promises. This slogan has its roots in India where it became so popular that Manoj Kumar made it the title of one of his films. This film was so successful that it celebrated its golden jubilee. The communists in India were the first to realise the appeal of these “magic” words and soon West Bengal became its stronghold. It appealed to many in Pakistan because it promised the poor a means of subsistence. These three items – roti, kapra and makaan – are the basic essential needs of the poor. Politicians soon realised the importance and appeal of these words and made it a part of their party manifesto. Since it contained a promise to meet the needs of the poor, the party managed to win votes. Like so many other promises, this one saw the light of day, but days, weeks, even years, passed without its realisation. Meanwhile, the poor became poorer and the rich became richer.
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Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
By Dr A Q Khan

The Persian poet Anwari wrote: “Har balaey ze aasman uftad,/Khanaey Anwari ra mee pursad.” (Every calamity that descends from the heavens looks for the house of Anwari.) Everyone tends to consider their own misfortunes more troublesome than those of others and the comforts of others more than their own. This view lies within the individual and can be corrected by their own efforts–i.e., prayer, seeking out and utilising all possibilities for a solution and working hard at that solution. This is reflected in yet another Persian saying: “Jaan-e-man, khud kardai, khud-karda ra tadbir neest.” (My dear, you have asked for it yourself and there is no remedy for what you do yourself.) There is another type of misfortune in which the individual plays no part–for example floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, etc. The Divine edict is that nations are destroyed for their wrongdoings–e.g., the drowning of the Pharaoh and his army and the rain of stones on the disobedient disciples of the Prophets Aad (PBUH) and Samud (PBUH). There is very little that a human being can do to stop or prevent it. It is a Divine (natural) event.
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Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
By Dr A Q Khan

In my columns of July 22 and Oct 14, 2009, I had written in detail about Raja Bhojpal of Bhopal, his sighting of the splitting of the moon, sending his son, Mata Din, with a delegation to Madina, embracing Islam, etc. I had also written about the Raja of Kerala sending his son with a delegation to Madina, their meeting with the Holy Prophet (PBUH), embracing Islam (taking the Muslim name of Mohiuddin), the marriage of the prince to the daughter of a companion of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the whole delegation embracing Islam. The most recent article by Mr Javedullah Raja (Jang, Feb 20) points out that the ruler himself had also gone to Madina where he embraced Islam and took the Muslim name of Tajuddin. Prince Mohiuddin, after becoming the ruler, built a mosque (Cheraman Jamia Mosque) in the name of his father. This mosque is considered to be the first mosque built on the subcontinent. In response to the above-mentioned columns, some interesting and informative articles appeared in Jang.

Here I would like to summarise the information that is now available. I had already thanked my dear Bhopali friend, Tameezul Haque, for the photocopy of an article that had appeared in the Kerala Magazine, which had been published in Tarikh-e-Uzbekistan and was written by Syed Kamaluddin Ahmed, which prompted me to write the second column. Another Bhopali friend and senior Jang columnist, Mr Muhammad Ahmad Sahzwari, gave me more valuable information on Raja Bhojpal, which I am reproducing here with his kind permission.
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Archive for the ‘English Articles’ Category

Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
By Dr A Q Khan

Everybody is engaged in exploiting and looting the country. Both the rulers and the public are held equally responsible for this lawlessness and plunder. It must be obvious to everyone that when neither rulers nor public follow laws (or are held responsible), the result is chaos and corruption.

One story goes that there was once a raja who wanted to enforce law and order in his kingdom but the elite and the public were not willing to follow the rules and wanted to do whatever suited them. After the raja failed to convince the officers and public, an old, wise minister advised him to allow the people to do just as they pleased. So it became a free-for-all. Robbers, the corrupt, exploiters and extortionists had a heyday. Once the son of an officer got seriously injured in an accident and when he was brought to the hospital there were no doctors available to attend to him and he died. After a few days there was a robbery at the house of the head of the hospital. The robbers thrashed the inmates, stole all their belongings and vanished. The police were least bothered and did not take serious notice. Soon after, a fire broke out at the house of the chief of police but the fire-fighters were slow in reacting and the whole house was reduced to ashes. The sanitary workers refused to collect the garbage and the whole area stank, became contaminated and various diseases spread rapidly.
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Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
by Dr A Q Khan

Even a child can differentiate between truth and a lie. As we all know, its opposite is lying. A lie is defined as something which one says despite knowing it to be incorrect and being against one’s conscience, belief, knowledge and iman. There are various proverbs on truth: “Nothing can harm the truth,” “The truth shines, the lie is black,” “The irony is that those who speak the truth often end up in trouble, while liars get away.”

In the Quran, Almighty Allah pronounced a curse on all liars in Surah Aal-e-Imran, Ayat 61. As if once is not enough, in the Surahs Shura, Naml, Taha, Tur, Saf, Munafiqun, Raad, Baqara, Zukhuf and Taubah, and ten times in Surah Mursalat the Almighty has pronounced a curse on all liars. In Surah Baqarah, it is not only the telling of truth that is stressed, but also the need to keep a promise.
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Archive for the ‘English Articles’ Category

Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
by Dr. A. Q. Khan

In my school days we used to read classical Urdu stories by writers like Deputy Nazir Ahmad and Maulvi Muhammad Ismail Meruthi. One interesting story was about mice and a cat. This particular cat was terrorising the mice, every now and then catching and eating one of them. The mice called a meeting to find a solution. One of them suggested that they put a bell around the neck of the cat so that its whereabouts would be known and they could run to safety. An old mouse then quietly enquired as to who would volunteer to do the job. Pin-drop silence ensued and there were no volunteers. There then followed the sound of the cat approaching and they all ran to safety. The present political situation and the actions of those in power remind me of this old story and I wonder if someone will have the courage to bell the cat.
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Justice–then and now

Posted in English Articles  by draqkadmin
April 7th, 2010

Random thoughts
By Dr A Q Khan

“To err is human; to forgive divine.” A blunder of devastating consequences was the murder of Genghis Khan’s messengers and Chinese Muslim traders by the Governor of Utrar, brother-in-law of Alauddin Khwarizm Shah. It ultimately resulted in the complete destruction of all the Islamic countries of Central Asia, the murder of more than a million Muslims and the razing of many famous cities to rubble.

In more recent times we see the sons of Shah Jahan fighting for succession to the throne. Dara Shikoh made the mistake of dismounting from his elephant and riding a horse. Not seeing him upon the elephant, his army thought he had been killed, lost hope and gave up the fight. Dara Shikoh was arrested, blinded and brutally murdered by Aurangzeb.
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